China is located in one of the most complicated tectonic areas in the world. Three Precambrian cratons (Sino-Korean, Tarim, Yangtze-Cathaysian) and the intervening Paleozoic accretionary and collisional folded belts (The Huanan Caledonides, Ogchean belt, The Tan-Lu fault, Honam fault) constitute the tectonic backbone of China. Continue reading “Geology, Tectonics and Deep Structure of China”
Extensive diversity and complexity of tectonic regimes characterizes the perimeter of the Caribbean plate, involving no fewer than four major plates (North America plate, South America plate, Nazca plate, and Cocos plate). Inclined zones of deep earthquakes (Wadati-Benioff zones), ocean trenches, and arcs of volcanoes clearly indicate subduction of oceanic lithosphere along the Central American and Atlantic Ocean margins of the Caribbean plate. While crustal seismicity in Guatemala, northern Venezuela, and the Cayman Ridge and Cayman Trench indicate transform fault and pull-apart basin tectonics.